Occupational Therapy

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Occupational therapy is a client-centered health profession concerned with promoting health and well being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life. Occupational therapists achieve this outcome by working with people and communities to enhance their ability to engage in the occupations they want to, need to, or are expected to do, or by modifying the occupation or the environment to better support their occupational engagement.

Types of Occupational Therapy Rehabilitation Programmes Offered:

1. Hand Therapy and Rehabilitation

Hand therapy is a specialty practice area of occupational therapy. It is typically concerned with treating orthopedic-based upper-extremity conditions to optimise the functional use of the hand and arm. Conditions seen include, but not limited to:

Hand therapy interventions may include:

2. Driving Assessment and Rehabilitation

Driving is an important skill and part of a routine to some clients. Having a medical condition or a physical disability could affect one’s ability to drive safely, which in turn affects public safety. An occupational therapist (OT) certified in driving assessment assesses one’s ability to drive safely despite having a medical condition or a physical disability. The certified OT may also advise on car modifications, or driving lessons, if necessary, before OT driving assessment starts.

3. Cardiac Rehabilitation

Having experienced a cardiac event, clients may find that what they used to be able to do in everyday living to not come as easily. Lower quality of life, stress, anxiety, loss of confidence are some common experiences. Occupational therapy can help by advising on strategies to manage, possible activity modifications, prescribe appropriate assistive device(s), and possible ways of adapting the environment to empower clients to be able to lead their lives as independently as possible.

4. Neurological Rehabilitation

Neurological conditions such as stroke, head injury may result in motor, cognitive, and perceptual functions. Often, survivors of neurological conditions may need a caregiver, at least in the initial phases of recovery. In neurological rehabilitation, occupational therapy aims to empower clients to maximise independence in their everyday activities, as well as to provide training to the new caregivers. Upper limb rehabilitation and cognitive rehabilitation are also some of the common occupational therapy interventions in neurological rehabilitation.

5. Geriatric Rehabilitation

With ageing, physical and emotional changes occur – these changes may impede functional independence and hence reduce one’s quality of life. As life expectancy increases, functional independence should be maintained. The role of occupational therapy in geriatric rehabilitation includes:

6. Low Vision Rehabilitation

Low vision refers to an eye condition causing permanent vision loss which interferes with one’s ability to participate in everyday activities. The World Health Organisation estimates 246 million in the world with low vision. To promote independence and safety in clients with low vision, occupational therapists could provide:

7. Ergonomics

Ergonomics is the science of matching work environments to fit the physiological, psychological, and cognitive capabilities of the worker. Using the fundamental skill of activity analysis, occupational therapy considers the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial elements at play, and makes recommendations to optimize productivity in the work setting. Occupational therapy could minimise and prevent workplace musculoskeletal disorder by:

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